What is Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)?
CBT is a psychological intervention, a talking therapy which involves:
- Talking about how you think about yourself, the world and other people
- how your behaviour affects your thoughts, feelings and physical reactions.
CBT can help you to change how you think ('Cognitive') and
what you do ('Behaviour'). These changes can help you to feel
better. It focuses on
the 'here and now' problems and difficulties that you are experiencing, looking
for ways to improve your mental health.
How does it work?
CBT helps you to make sense of your problems by
breaking them down into smaller sections. These
- A Situation - a problem,
event or difficult situation. From this can follow:
- Physical feelings
Each of these areas can affect the others. How you think about
a problem can affect how you feel physically and emotionally. This is known as the 5 systems;
What happens in one of these areas can affect all the
There are helpful and unhelpful ways of reacting to most
situations, depending on how you think about it. The way you think
can be helpful - or unhelpful.
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy can help you to break the vicious circle of altered
thinking, feelings and behaviour. When you understand the parts of the process you can change them and the way you
feel. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy aims to get you to a point where you can 'do it
yourself', and work out your own ways of tackling these